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Croziers

 

 

Croziers, descendants of shepherds staffs, are an "artefact of office" of bishops, abbots and abbesses.   Medieval abbots and abbesses have left behind some beautiful personal croziers, either the crozier itself or its relief on a sepulchral slab.  Presumably bishops also had personal staffs, though today they are associated with a particular institution rather than person.  Abbots and bishops represented in, for example, portico tympanum reliefs are marked by their croziers, with bishops also wearing mitres.

 

There are lots of croziers in Paradoxplace that we have not picked up yet - send an email if you have found one worth highlighting!  afletch at paradoxplace dot com.

 

 

SPAIN

 

 

Abbot of Santes Creus Tomb  Bishop of Santes Creus Tomb  Bishop of Santes Creus Tomb

 

 

Sepulchral reliefs of an abbot and two bishops with their croziers in the Chapter House floor of the Cistercian Reial Monestir de Santes Creus, Catalonia

 

 

 

 

Sepulchral Crozier c1300 of an Abbess of the Cistercian Nunnery of Santa Maria del Salvador ("El monasterio de la luz") Cañas, La Rioja, in the nunnery's Chapter House.

 

 

 

 

Link to photos of the Cañas Nunnery, and the famous tomb of  Abbess la Beata Urraca Lopez de Haro (1170 – 1262 (92)) (above - the Abbess holding her now broken crozier shaft, and below - croziered abbots and  bishops at the funeral).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lots of simple croziers on the sepulchral slabs of the tombs of abbots in the chapter house of the lovingly restored

Aragonese Royal Monastery of Our Lady of the Water Wheel (called Rueda).

 

 

FRANCE

 

 

 

 

The Crozier of Saint Robert of Molesme

Founder of the Cistercian Order

Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon

 

 

Link to photos of over 40 Cistercian Abbeys in

Spain, Portugal, Italy, France and Britain

 

 

 

 

In the baddies side of the Tympanum of the Cathédrale Ste-Foy, Conques, a disgraced abbot forced onto his knees clutches his grounded crozier (bottom left) and prostrates himself before a grotesque hunch-backed devil figure with a net.

 

 

Annunciation

 

 

Above and below - croziers made in Limoges in the 1200s, now in the Cluny Museum, Paris

 

 

The Archangel Michael and Dragon

 

 

Annunciation

 

 

Gold plated crozier illustrating the Annunciation Mid 1200s, Limoges' church - now in the Louvre, Paris

 

 

   

 

 

 

Saints and bishops in  the Loir Valley Église St-Genest, Lavardin (1000s)

 

 

ITALY

 

 

Right

Silver and enamel crozier showing San Galgano

Cattedrale di Santa Margherita, Montefiascone

(Photo from the catalogue of the Duccio Exhibition in Siena, 2003)

 

Link to photos of the Abbey and Hermitage of San Galgano in Tuscany

 

 

 

 

GERMANY

 

 

Photo © Sacred Destinations

 

 

This bas relief of St Michael killing a dragon comes from the Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn, Bonn - a treasure chest of medieval (and earlier) sculpture and art.  For more follow this link to Holly Hayes' Sacred Destinations.

 

 

ENGLAND

 

 

 

 

Silver crozier showing the Annunciation  Crozier of the Bishop of Carlisle, Carlisle Cathedral

 

Link to photos of Carlisle Cathedral

 

 

 

The Romsey Abbess Sheela Na Gig  (with crozier)  -  Romsey Abbey

 

 

 

 

The top half of the sepulchral plate of an abbess' tomb in Romsey Abbey - showing a reluctance to let go of temporal authority?  Or maybe, like the Dom, she liked croziers.  Then we found another one (below) - this time in the grassed nave space of Egglestone Abbey, in a stunningly beautiful location near Barnard Castle.

 

 

 

Egglestone Abbey (near Barnard Castle)

 

 

Sepulchral plate for an early 1200s abbot of Sherborne Abbey - that's a mirror on the wall, because there is an un-expected bonus on the far side of the crosier .....

 

 

 

A prod with his crozier does not seem to be enough to deter a hungry wyvern having a go at an abbot's foot on the font in St James, Avebury.

 

 

 

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